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Instrument for Understanding Qur'an

Dr. Rafiq Ahmad


  Preface
Chapter 1 Qalb
Chapter 2 Latent Qualities of a Man
Chapter 3 The Seal of Prophethood
Chapter 4 Locks upon the Qalb
Chapter 5 Causes of Revivification (Ihya) and Enlightenment of Qalb
Chapter 6 Zikrullah as a Cause of Revivification (Ihya) of Qalb
Chapter 7 Tafakkur
Chapter 8

Remembrance of Allah Taala as a cause of revivification (Ihya) of Qalb.

Chapter 9 Following of Sunnah of Rasulullah (SAW) as a Cause of Revivification of Qalb
Chapter 10 Suhabat of Ahl-e-Dil as a Cause of Revivification of Qalb
Epilogue  

 

Chapter 10

Suhabat of Ahl-e-Dil as a Cause of Revivification of Qalb
(Whole hearts are the receiving stations of the Divine Light)

 

Allah Taala says in Qurn:

"O! Believers remain with truthful. (9:119)

Hadhart Luqman (AS) advised his son:

" O! My son, take it obligatory upon yourself to sit in the company of Ulema (The scholars), and listen to the talk of Hukama (those who have been bestowed with wisdom), because their words are for you as rain for dry land."

Hadhrat Imm Shafaee (RA) once complained to his spiritual teacher Hadhrat Imm Waki (RA) about his defective memory. As per Imam Shafaee his memory was not up to the mark he would have liked it to be.

What answer normally would one expect for such a question? Ordinarily one would advise such people who complain of defective memory that they should take nutritious foods like milk, almonds etc. But Imm Waki (RA) was a spiritual sage (Roohani Hakim). He had perfect vision on the root cause of such diseases. Imm Waki (RA) advised Imm Shafaee (RA) that if he want to improve his memory he should shun away the sins. Ordinarily one would wonder about the correlation of sins with memory. Imm Waki (RA) further explained this to his student, Imm Shafaee (RA), by saying that this knowledge is a Noor (light) from the Noor of Allah Taala (Divine light) and that this Noor is not given to a sinner. Since, sins are filthy and the Ilm (knowledge) is a pious Noor, if the container i.e. the Qalb is full of filth of sins, it will not receive this Noor and will remain devoid of it. Here one can understand from the answer of this great saintly scholar that instrument for understanding and memorising Al- Qurn is Qalb and the sins deprive the Qalb of this capability.

It can be correlated with the advice of Hadhrat Luqman (AS) to his son that the Qalb also needs watering as the land needs rain. The water of Qalb are the words of pious people and company of  the Ulema. How is it possible that ones dead and dry heart will get revived in the company of such people? Remember that the Nafs and the Shaitn are two things which cause opacity of Qalb by way of sins. The Shaitns origin is fire. So, a person has two kinds of fires with him, one is the fire of his baser self (Nafs) and other is the fire of Satan (Shaitn), the smoke of these fires is blackening his Qalb all the time. When a person sits in the company of the pious Muttaqi people who have got their hearts purified and enlightened by the Noor of Allah Taala the Tajalliyaat of Allah Taala that are always falling on their hearts change the condition of this person miraculously. When they talk, this divine light i.e., Noor mixes up with their words and when they utter such words from their mouth, they penetrate deep into the sincere listeners heart and revivify it. The fire of Shaitn and that of his baser self gets extinguished by the Noor of the hearts of these pious people.

One can observe this light (Noor) when he goes to such a pious man who advises him to offer Salh regularly or to tell the truth. This person after returning from starts offering Salh regularly. This person was knowing it already that Salh is compulsory and should be offered, or that one should tell the truth but still he was not doing so. What has happened by a simple sentence of this pious man that now this person has started offering prayers? Again, the same thing, he was very well knowing that Salh should be offered but his baser self i.e., Nafs and Shaitn were very strong and were not allowing him to do so. When he remained in the company of a pious person so some moments, the Noor emanating from his heart extinguished the fire of Shaitn, so he could easily overpower Shaitn and Nafs and thus started offering Salh and acquired the habit of telling the truth.

If one wants to do good deeds which he already knows, it is obligatory for him to sit in the company of Slihn (the pious people).

Suhbat-i-Slihn is a very exalted thing in this world. It is said that there are many advantages to remain in solitude, but one of the biggest disadvantage of this is that in it Suhbat-i-Slihn is not available and such people lose the blessings of their pious company. One of the reasons mentioned for the Iblees becoming Mardood (condemned) is that he was avoiding the company of Noori angels when he was living with them and was proud of his worship.

Allah Taala ordered Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam),

"And keep yourself content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His face. (18:28)

Though Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was always in the company of Allah Taala but this Aayat was still revealed for the teaching of Ummah.

 

Effects of good company (Suhabat)

- - - - - - - - - - . - - . - - . . - - . .

 

Hanzala Usayyidi, who was amongst the scribes of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). reported: I met Abu Bakr. He said: How are you? He (Hanzala) said: Hanzala has turned to be a hypocrite. He (Abu Bakr) said: Hallowed be Allah, what are you saying? Thereupon he said: I say that when we are in the company of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) we ponder over Hell-Fire and Paradise as if we are seeing them with our very eyes and when we are away from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) we attend to our wives, our children, our business; most of these things (pertaining to After-life) slip out of our minds. Abu Bakr said: By Allah, I also experience the same. So I and Abu Bakr went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and said to him: Allah's Messenger, Hanzala has turned to be a hypocrite. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: What has happened to you? I said: Allah's Messenger, when we are in your company, we are reminded of Hell-Fire and Paradise as if we are seeing them with our own eyes, but whenever we go away from you and attend to our wives, children and business, much of these things go out of our minds. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if your state of mind remains the same as it is in my presence and you are always busy in remembrance (of Allah), the Angels will shake hands with you in your beds and in your paths but, Hanzala, time should be devoted (to the worldly affairs) and time (should be devoted to prayer and meditation). He (the Holy Prophet) said this thrice.

From this incident many lessons are derived but I will confine myself to my topic only that is in the Suhabat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), the Sahbah were experiencing strange things which they lacked in his absence. Sahbah Al-Kiram said that they noticed dramatic change in themselves after the departure of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) from the world so soon that they had not even finished the burial ceremony of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the clay of the grave was still sticking to their hands.

 

Effects of bad company (Suhabat)  

Once Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was reciting Qurn- i-Sharief in Salh while he was Imm of Sahbahh-Kirm (RA). During the course of recitation of the Qurn, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) experienced some difficulty in reciting. After the completion of Salh (prayer), Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) turned towards the Sahbah (RA) and said,

"What has happened to the people that they are joining the Salh (prayer) without proper Wudhu(ablution). (Mishkat Sharief)

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had come to know {through the intuition) that a person had joined the congregational Salh without proper Wudhu and the effect of this was experienced by Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in the form of difficulty in recitation of the Qurn. You can imagine that the effect of the company of a person who had not made the Wudhu properly was such that it even effected Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), who was the most perfect of the mankind. From this one can easily judge how one's Qalb must be getting ruined in the company of bad people who are always engaged in the disobedience of Allah Taala. May Allah Taala protect us.

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DARUL ULOOM ILAHIYAH
INSTITUTE OF ISLAMIC RESEARCH
ILAHI BAGH, BUCHPORA, SRINAGAR, 190011, KASHMIR, INDIA